Dwolla provides the flexibility to support multiple payment use cases for businesses. Whether it’s real-time payments through the RTP® Network, Push-to-Debit or ACH (Automated Clearing House), clients can move money reliably. With Dwolla, businesses are offering alternative payment options to best meet the needs of their customers.
This resource explains Dwolla’s payment timelines, including examples of in-network transfers, real-time payments, ACH transfers and push-to-debit transfers. Dwolla also offers real-time transfers for businesses with verified users who are holding a balance within the Dwolla Network and transferring funds to another verified user’s balance within the Dwolla Network.
Note: All examples are Central Time.
A standard ACH transaction with Dwolla can look like this:
Standard ACH Debit: A standard ACH debit through Dwolla will be made available in the Dwolla Network three to four business days after the transfer is initiated. As a way of mitigating the risk of an ACH return, funds associated with a standard ACH debit are not made available within the Dwolla Network for three to four business days.
The reason? Dwolla is not typically notified of an ACH return until at least two business days after the transaction is initiated.
If a return is not received (and there are no concerns of fraud) within that window, funds are made available in the receiving account (in this case, the Dwolla Network).
Standard ACH Credit: After the funds are made available in the Dwolla Network, the “credit” to the recipient will take place. Assuming the ACH credit transaction is initiated prior to 4 p.m., funds will be in the receiver’s bank account on the following business day.
A bank transfer initiated from a sender’s bank account at 4 p.m. on Monday would be received by the recipient’s bank account on Friday morning. Transfers initiated after 4 p.m. will start the ACH processing timeline on the next business day.
The standard ACH processing time for bank to bank transfers is typically five business days.
Dwolla offers multiple ways to expedite transfer times as a premium feature within our payments platform. Faster transfers will have a higher cost because of the increased risk associated with faster payments.
Next Day ACH transfers refer only to the debit portion of the transaction.
With Next Day ACH, a transfer initiated before 4 p.m. on a Monday would be available within the Dwolla Network on Tuesday.
Same Day ACH transfers are only available for the credit portion of the transaction.
As long as the transaction is initiated prior to 12 p.m., funds will arrive in the receiving bank account by the end of business that same day.
Real-time payments with Dwolla happen when funds are sent between two Verified Customers that are holding a balance within the Dwolla Network.
Funds tied to these accounts can immediately be accessed by the end user.
Real-Time Payments are near instantaneous bank transfers that clear, 24/7/365. RTP transactions are sent individually—within seconds, using the RTP® Network. To complete a RTP transaction, both the sending and the receiving bank account must be held at a participating financial institution.
An RTP transaction through the RTP® Network is a push (credit) only payment. Funds are settled into the receiver’s bank account in real-time.
With the RTP® Network, the sender will get notified of a transfer’s completion and the receiver will see the funds posted to their account. Real-time payments are much like cash—except electronic.
Funds can be sent directly to a users’ debit card 24/7.
A business can make an instant payment with Dwolla’s push-to-debit feature by initiating a transfer from their Dwolla Balance to a debit card. Those funds are available to the user via debit card typically within 30 minutes.
Because each transaction with Dwolla is broken into two separate transfers, a business can expedite the ACH payment processing time by combining transfer speeds for specific parts of an ACH transfer.
For example, a transaction could use Next Day ACH for the debit portion and Same Day ACH for the credit portion of an ACH transfer.
The end result is transferring funds faster between bank accounts and making funds available sooner.
When a standard ACH bank transfer is initiated at 4 p.m. on Monday, if no ACH return codes are received by Thursday, funds are made available in the Dwolla Network on that day.
A Same Day ACH credit will go out at noon on Thursday, sending those funds to the receiver’s bank account. They will arrive in the receiving customer’s bank account by the end of business on Thursday.
When a standard ACH bank transfer is initiated by 4 p.m. on Monday, if no ACH return codes are received by Thursday, funds are made available in the Dwolla Network on that day.
On Thursday, a credit to the recipient will be issued and will settle in the receiving customer’s debit card instantly.
If a transfer is initiated at 4 p.m. on Monday, funds are debited from the sending account and made available in the Dwolla Network on Tuesday.
On Tuesday, a credit to the recipient will be issued and will settle in the receiving customer’s bank account at the end of the business day on Wednesday.
A transfer initiated at 4 p.m. on Monday is made available in the Dwolla Network on Tuesday.
Assuming the Same Day credit is issued before 12 p.m. on Tuesday, funds will arrive in the receiving bank account by the end of the business day on Tuesday.
*Note: All transfers may be delayed by either the sending or receiving financial institution, including Dwolla’s partner financial institution.
If a transfer is initiated by 4 p.m. on Monday, funds are debited from the sending account and made available in the Dwolla Network on Tuesday.
On Tuesday, a credit to the recipient will be issued and will settle in the receiving customer’s debit card instantly.